Albert Einstein is considered one of the greatest geniuses of all time, though rumor has it he failed high school calculus. As you might imagine, this is an exaggeration ‒ Einstein didn’t remember getting anything but A’s.
It’s possible that this story had something to do with his math skills. Despite his amazing intellect, Einstein wasn’t as strong in math as many of the other physicists of his day. Throughout his life, he was known to have frequently said, “If I could just do the math.”
At the age of 76, Einstein passed away. On the table next to him were a pen and pad on which he was working through math equations.
The greatest genius of his day ‒ and arguably in history ‒ understood that life is a process. Until the day he died, Einstein lived in a state of growth and self-development.
We’re all born with certain skills, but the mindsets we have toward improving our skills and character ultimately determine our success in life.
Above: Tobias Elementary Principal Paige Collier explains the connection between Growth Mindset and the 7 Mindsets [Video].
Einstein’s theories were the crowning achievements of his life. But they were the product of years of focus and personal growth that happened behind the curtain.
In her groundbreaking work, Mindset, Carol Dweck presents the “growth mindset” as the most essential element of success and happiness in life. A growth mindset is a perspective on life in which we find validation from internal growth rather than external rewards:
Who we become is what we take forward forever.
How do we instill a growth mindset in our children and students? The key is in how we frame success, and the language we use to do so. It doesn’t require doing more, just an adjustment to how we already do things.
6 Strategies to Support a Growth Mindset:
Rather than saying “I’m proud of you,” try saying, “You should be proud of yourself.” You’ll each experience that great feeling, but you’ve delivered a powerful message that validation should come from within. This reinforces the child to look inward rather than outward for appreciation and acceptance.
It’s about being and becoming, not having and getting ‒ We teach to help our students grow, and when they have successes, it is important to we acknowledge them.
There is a simple strategy for recognizing individuals from a growth mindset perspective. Rather than emphasizing the good grade or award, recognize the achievement by celebrating the person they had to become to get it. Ask them to reflect on the work they did, the obstacles they overcame, and the new capabilities they developed.
Celebrate failure ‒ As students grow older, they become less inclined to answer questions in class or participate in discussion. In kindergarten, you can’t stop them! By high school, it can be like pulling teeth because they have been conditioned to fear the sense of failure that comes from being wrong.
To help reinvigorate discussions and further emphasize growth: When a student answers a question incorrectly in class, genuinely celebrate it. You might say, “Not quite, but kudos for trying. Life rewards people who take risks, so keep it up!” Parents can try this in their day to day interactions with their kids as well.
The key is to help young people build confidence in trying, so they’re less concerned about the negative consequences of making mistakes.
Debunk the talent myth ‒ Calvin Coolidge once said, “The world is full of unsuccessful men with talent.” An indicator of a fixed mindset ‒ the antithesis of a growth mindset ‒ is the belief that our abilities and intellectual capacities are defined at birth.
Recently, medical science has defined the concept of neuroplasticity or brain plasticity. Essentially, our brains are not rigid structures. They have an incredible capacity to change and evolve based on our experiences.
We have enormous potential to develop ourselves much more than we ever believed possible.
Use stories of individuals who overcame obstacles and labels to develop extraordinary talents and capabilities. Help them understand that the work they put into the process of school or life will greatly impact what they achieve and who they’ll become.
Talent will always be trumped by effort and a growth mindset. Learning this will motivate challenged students to maintain high expectations for their lives. It can also be a wake-up call for students who’ve relied on their natural talents for years and may have never developed the capacity to work hard or overcome adversity.
Start anew ‒ One of the most powerful things we do with our kids and students is guide them through the process of forgiving themselves.
Many young people are labeled as bad students or as having behavior problems. It is so ingrained in their minds that this is who they are they feel powerless to be anything else.
Early on in your relationship with students, let them know that your partnership begins today. Their lives are about who they want to become, within them is the ability to create a new future on their own terms. They are not products of the past, and their futures are not predetermined. Agree that you’ll dismiss any preconceived notions, and ask them to do the same.
Communicate your belief that everyone is capable of great things, and you’re asking them to share and apply that belief.
Share your own growth ‒ Students often view us only as teachers or parents. Help them see you as an individual, and that where you are in life is a culmination of all the actions you’ve taken and decisions you’ve made. There is so much power in stories, and you can unlock it by sharing the challenges, failures and successes of your life.
Our research tells us that these shared stories can have a lasting impact on the lives of kids—often the ones you least expect to affect. Find opportunities to share your stories!
I remember a story about legendary basketball coach John Wooden. His secret to success was recognizing that everything in life is a process. Short cuts can’t be taken, and certain things must always be done. The first day of practice every year, the first thing he’d teach his players is how to put their socks on and lace up their shoes. It was daily growth that started on day one and enabled him to build extraordinary championship teams.
The little things add up in life. Imagine if your goal each day wasn’t to win or lose, pass or fail, but just to be a little better than you were yesterday. Imagine being validated not by getting the question right, but by learning how to solve new types of problems. Imagine valuing yourself not based on single moments in time, but on who you’re becoming.
Now imagine instilling this thinking in our children and students. We could help decrease youth anxiety and depression, increase self-esteem, improve grades, and positively affect the frequency of behavior issues. Our schools could become places of true learning.
No one truly has a 100% growth mindset, and no one can make the switch overnight. However, we can do little things each day to remind our kids to look inward for validation and become growth-oriented in their thinking.
We don’t want them to just go through life… we want them to GROW through life!